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The European Network For Science Teachers


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Shoot to Thrill – Game theory and probability calculation in football (iStage 3)

Elfmeter – Anwendung der Spieltheorie und Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung im Fußball (iStage 3)

Penalty shoot-outs are among the most thrilling situations that can occur during a football match. In this teaching unit the game theory is being introduced to the students. These get to know how to calculate the probability of scoring a goal with a single shot and how to optimise the penalty shoot-out by taking into account simple mathematics.

The teaching unit is taken from the brochure ‘iStage 3 - Football in Science Teaching’ from the topic ‘big data’. The complete brochure can be ordered free of charge via mail ( or downloaded. It was developed by 20 teachers from 15 countries around Europe. The project was proudly supported by SAP.

Authors: Stephen Kimbrough (DE), Damjan Štrus (SL)

All additional material for the brochure can be found here.

Try out this teaching idea and take part in the ‘European STEM League’! #EuropeanSTEMLeague

Downloads iStage 3 - Elfmeter iStage 3 - Shoot to Thrill iStage 3 - Tizenegyespárbaj iStage 3 - Pena Máxima iStage 3 - Penalty à suspens iStage 3 - Wystrzalowy strzal iStage 3 - Rozstřel iStage 3 - Straffläggning Flyer - European STEM League Related matrial Laternenmond: Elektrizität in der Grundschule mit Physiker Otto Lührs Bioabfall von heute – Energieversorgung von morgen? Experimente mit Biogas (Alles im grünen Bereich) Farbenfrohe Wissenschaft: Experimente im Biologie-, Physik- und Chemieunterricht mit ‘Aqua Beads’ Smartphones im gymnasialen Physikunterricht: Experimente rund um das Thema Beschleunigung Der Regenbogen und seine Farben: Der Weg des Lichts durch den Regentropfen zum Auge