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Shoot to Thrill – Game theory and probability calculation in football (iStage 3)

Elfmeter – Anwendung der Spieltheorie und Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung im Fußball (iStage 3)

Penalty shoot-outs are among the most thrilling situations that can occur during a football match. In this teaching unit the game theory is being introduced to the students. These get to know how to calculate the probability of scoring a goal with a single shot and how to optimise the penalty shoot-out by taking into account simple mathematics.

The teaching unit is taken from the brochure ‘iStage 3 - Football in Science Teaching’ from the topic ‘big data’. The complete brochure can be ordered free of charge via mail ( or downloaded. It was developed by 20 teachers from 15 countries around Europe. The project was proudly supported by SAP.

Authors: Stephen Kimbrough (DE), Damjan Štrus (SL)

All additional material for the brochure can be found here.

Try out this teaching idea and take part in the ‘European STEM League’! #EuropeanSTEMLeague

Downloads iStage 3 - Elfmeter iStage 3 - Shoot to Thrill iStage 3 - Tizenegyespárbaj iStage 3 - Pena Máxima iStage 3 - Penalty à suspens iStage 3 - Wystrzałowy strzał iStage 3 - Rozstřel iStage 3 - Straffläggning Flyer - Europäische MINT Liga Flyer - European STEM League Related matrial Alle Vögel sind schon da: Wie man Lärmbelastung mit dem Smartphone misst (iStage 2)Getränke mit Kick – Inhaltsstoffe von Energydrinks und ihre Chemie (iStage 3)Fressen und gefressen werden – Objektorientierte Programmierung (Teachers + Scientists)Keine Angst vor Naturwissenschaften in der Grundschule: Chemie und Physik für die JüngstenLaternenmond: Chemie in der Grundschule mit Petra Mischnick und dem Tapetenkleister-Experiment